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King of England John Plantagenet

King of England John Plantagenet[1]

Male 1167 - 1216  (48 years)

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  • Name John Plantagenet 
    Title King of England 
    Relationshipwith Kathleen Alice Jones-Rouse
    Born 24 Dec 1167  Beaumont, Cumberland, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As John Lackland (nickname) 
    Occupation King of England Reigned 1199 to 1216. 
    Stories and Notes His concessions did not buy peace for long and the Barons War continued. The barons sought French aid and Prince Louis of France landed in England supported by attacks from the North by Alexander II of Scotland. John fled and according to legend lost most of his baggage and the crown jewels when crossing the tidal estuaries of the Wash. He became ill with dysentery and died at Newark Castle in October 1216. 
    Stories and Notes His repressive policies and ruthless taxation to fund the warin France brought him into conflict with his barons which became known as the Barons War. In 1215 rebel baron leaders marched on London where they were welcomed by an increasing band of defectors from John’s royalist supporters. Their demands were drawn up in a document which became the known as the Magna Carta. John sort peace and met them at Runnymede where on 15th June 1215 he agreed to their demands and sealed the Magna Carta. It was a remarkable document which set limits on the powers of the king, laid out the feudal obligations of the barons, confirmed the liberties of the Church, and granted rights to all freemen of the realm and their heirs for ever. It was the first written constitution. 
    Stories and Notes John was nicknamed Lackland, probably because, as the youngest of Henry II's five sons, it was difficult to find a portion of his father's French possessions for him to inherit. He was acting king from 1189 during his brother Richard the Lion-Heart's absence on the Third Crusade. The legend of Robin Hood dates from this time in which John is portrayed as Bad King John. He was involved in intrigues against his absent brother, but became king in 1199 when Richard was killed in battle in France. 
    Stories and Notes Most of his reign was dominated by war with France. Following the peace treaty of Le Goulet there was a brief peace, but fighting resumed again in 1202. John had lost Normandy and almost all the other English possessions in France to Philip II of France by 1204. He spent the next decade trying to regain these without success and was finally defeated by Philip Augustus at the Battle of Bouvines in 1214. He was also in conflict with the Church. In 1205 he disputed the pope's choice of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury, and Pope Innocent III placed England under an interdict, suspending all religious services, including baptisms, marriages, and burials. John retaliated by seizing church revenues, and in 1209 was excommunicated. Eventually, John submitted, accepting the papal nominee, and agreed to hold the kingdom as a fief of the papacy; an annual monetary tribute was paid to the popes for the next 150 years by successive English monarchs. 
    Stories and Notes See Notes 
    • His reign saw renewal of war with Phillip II Augustus of France to whom he has lost several continental possesions including Normandy by 1205.
    Stories and Notes See Notes  [2
    • Forced to signed Magna Carta on June 15, 1215 at Runnymede After he came into conflict with his Barons.
    To Lady Kathleen 22 x great grandfather 
    Died 18 Oct 1216  Newark Castle, Newark, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • His later repudiation of the charter led to the first barons war 1215-17 during which John died.
    Buried Abbey of Fontevrault, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, , Anjou, , Rhone-Alpes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Person ID I826  Enchanted Family Tree
    Last Modified 6 Sep 2020 

    Father King of England Henry Plantagenet, II,   b. 25 Mar 1133, LeMans, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Chinon / Saumur, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Princess of Aquitaine Eleanor,   b. 1122, Bordeaux, , Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Abbey of Fontevrault, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, , Anjou, , Rhone-Alpes, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 1152  Bordeaux Cathedral, Bordeaux, , Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F364  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Suzanne De Warenne 
    Children 
    +1. Baron of Chilham Richard Fitzjohn,   b. 1186, Chilham Castle, Chilham, Kent, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Aug 1270  (Age 84 years)
    Last Modified 14 Mar 2012 
    Family ID F1890  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Agatha Ferrers,   b. 1168, Charltey, Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Joan Plantagenet,   b. 1188, London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1237, Aberconway, Caernarvon, Wales, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
    Last Modified 14 Mar 2012 
    Family ID F1976  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Queen Consort of England Isabella Taillefer,   b. 1186, Angouleme, , Poitou-Charentes, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 May 1246, Fonteevrault. Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Married 24 Aug 1200  Bordeaux, , Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. King of England Henry Plantagenet, III,   b. 11 Oct 1207, Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, Saint Edmunds, Westminster, , England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
     2. Earl of Cornwall Richard Plantagenet,   b. 5 Jan 1209, Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Apr 1272, Newark Castle, Newark, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     3. Eleanor Plantagenet,   b. 1210,   d. Abt 1270  (Age 60 years)
    Last Modified 14 Mar 2012 
    Family ID F361  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 24 Dec 1167 - Beaumont, Cumberland, England, United Kingdom Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 24 Aug 1200 - Bordeaux, , Aquitaine, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 18 Oct 1216 - Newark Castle, Newark, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Abbey of Fontevrault, Fontevraud-l'Abbaye, , Anjou, , Rhone-Alpes, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Newark Castle
    Newark Castle
    Plantagenet

    Documents
    An original version of Magna Carta, agreed by John and the barons in 1215
    An original version of Magna Carta, agreed by John and the barons in 1215

    Histories
    Signers of the Magna Carta
    Signers of the Magna Carta
    The King and 25 Surety Barons
    In case of viewer issues the PDF can be found at Signers of the Magna Carta

  • Sources 
    1. [S169] Wikipedia, John I (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S229] Magna Carta Web Site, Britannia.
      The Great Charter of English liberty granted (under considerable duress) by King John at Runnymede on June 15, 1215

    3. [S169] Wikipedia, (Reliability: 3).