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King of England William, I, the Conqueror

King of England William, I, the Conqueror

Male 1027 - 1087  (60 years)

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  • Name William  
    Title King of England 
    Suffix I, the Conqueror 
    Relationshipwith Kathleen Alice Jones-Rouse
    Born 1027  Falaise, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Also Known As William I, The Conqueror 
    Occupation 1035 to 1087 
    Duke of Normandy 
    Occupation 1066 to 1087 
    King of England 
    • Invaded England defeated and killed his rival Harold at the Battle of Hastings and became King. The Norman conquest of England was completed by 1072 aided by the establishment of feaudalism under which his followers were granted land in return f or pledges of service and loyalty. As King William was noted for his efficient if harsh rule. His administration relied upon Norman and other foreign personnell especially Lanfranc Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1085 started Domesday Book.
    Stories and Notes King of England from 25 December 1066. He was the illegitimate son of Duke Robert the Devil whom he succeeded as Duke of Normandy in 1035. Claiming that his 2nd cousin King Edward the Confessor had bequeathed him the English throne, William invaded England in September 1066, defeating Harold II Godwineson at the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066.

    William's coronation took place in Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066. He completed the establishment of feudalism in England, compiling detailed records of land and property in the Domesday Book, and kept the barons firmly under control. He died in Rouen after a fall from his horse and is buried in Caen, France. He was succeeded by his son William II.

    William's early years were marked by violence and disorder. In 1046 his cousin, Guy of Burgundy, led a revolt which forced the young duke to seek the aid of his overlord, Henry I of France. With Henry's help, William defeated Guy at Val-és-Dunes, and firmly secured control over Normandy. In 1051–52 William and Henry besieged and captured Domfront castle and Alençon in Maine, France. Almost immediately afterwards, William, Count of Arques, rebelled against the duke with the support of Henry I, who was increasingly concerned about Normandy's growing power. William quickly besieged the rebel Arques-la-Bataille castle and it was surrendered to him in 1053. In 1054 Henry I and Geoffrey of Anjou invaded Normandy, but the annihilation of part of their force at Mortimer forced them to withdraw. Their second invasion, in 1057, was defeated at Varaville. In 1051 Edward the Confessor had nominated William as heir to the English throne, but when he died in January 1066 Harold (II) Godwinson was crowned. William immediately began preparations for an invasion of England. On 28 September his forces landed unopposed at Pevensey, Sussex. Harold was in the north of England defeating an invasion led by Harald Hardrada, King of Norway, but immediately marched south to meet William. Their armies clashed in the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066. Harold was slain and William achieved a decisive victory. In 1067 William forcibly brought southwest England under his control.

    In 1068 he marched north and east to establish a number of strategic fortifications. In the summer of 1069 Swein Estrithson of Denmark landed with a considerable force in the Humber and was welcomed by the northern English earls who joined him in expelling the Norman garrison at York. William immediately marched north, destroying everything in his path, and reoccupied York. He undertook a systematic harrying of the north, setting his troops to kill and burn in order to leave nothing that could support future rebellion. The Danish fleet was bought off and departed. In 1072 William led an invasion that forced King Malcolm of Scotland to surrender hostages and swear fealty. In 1073 he was back in France suppressing rebellion in Maine. His regents dealt with a rebellion by the English earls in 1075, and in the latter years of his reign, William twice faced rebellion in Normandy led by his eldest son, Robert (II) Curthose. In 1087 William sacked the French-controlled town of Mantes in the Vexin. In the fighting he suffered a fatal internal injury after being thrown against the pommel of his saddle. He was taken to the priory of Saint-Gervais near Rouen where on 9 September he died. 
    To Lady Kathleen 27 x great grandfather 
    Died 9 Sep 1087  Rouen, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1945  Enchanted Family Tree
    Last Modified 6 Sep 2020 

    Father Duke of Normandy Robert, II,   b. 999, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jul 1035, Returning from Crusade in Bithynia, Turkey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years) 
    Mother Herleve, of Falaise,   b. 1013,   d. 1050  (Age 37 years) 
    Family ID F913  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Matilda, of Flanders,   b. 1028, , , Flanders, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1083, Caen, , Basse-Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years) 
    Married 1053 
    Children 
     1. King of England William, II,   b. 1057,   d. 2 Aug 1100  (Age 43 years)
    +2. Adela, of Blois,   b. 1067, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Mar 1137, Marcigny-sur-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 70 years)
    +3. King of England Henry, I,   b. Sep 1068, Selby, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Dec 1135, Staint Derisle Fermont, Angers, , England, United Kingdom Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years)
    Last Modified 14 Mar 2012 
    Family ID F912  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1027 - Falaise, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 9 Sep 1087 - Rouen, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    King William I OF ENGLAND
    King William I OF ENGLAND

    Histories
    Reinbald the Priest
    Reinbald the Priest